Spays and neuters are performed under general anesthesia. A spay, also known as an ovariohysterectomy, removes the reproductive organs (uterus and ovaries) from a female animal. A neuter is the removal of the testicles from a male animal. Prior to a surgical procedure, your pet will receive a physical examination and consultation with the veterinarian. Anesthetic protocols are carefully considered for every pet and every effort will be taken to keep your pet safe and comfortable. Your pet’s heart rate, temperature, blood oxygen level, and EKG will be carefully monitored throughout the surgery and recovery. Pain management is a priority for every spay and neuter.
Pets that are spayed and neutered before reaching sexual maturity can reduce behaviors such as roaming, marking, and aggression. It is recommended that every dog and cat get spayed before the first heat cycle to reduce the chance of mammary cancer.
Spaying will also eliminate the risk of uterine infections. A pyometra is a severe bacterial infection in a dog or cat’s uterus. It can be life-threatening and immediate surgery must be performed.
Neutering a male can reduce prostate enlargement and eliminate testicular cancer. Prostate disease is common in older and intact male dogs. An enlarged prostate can affect a dog’s ability to urinate and defecate. Bacterial infections of the prostate must be treated with a long coarse of heavy antibiotics and neutering. Prostate cancer has very few treatment options and a very poor prognosis.